Integrated Jatropha Growing, Burkina Faso

  • Technology: Biodiesel from Jatropha nuts
  • Country: Burkina Faso
  • Carbon approach: CarbonFix Standard
  • Job: carbon project design; registration cycle
  • Sustainability: integration into existing smallholder farming systems; extra income for peasants; improved food security; local renewable fuel production
jatropha seedlings

Nursery, planting, growing and harvesting - everything is integrated into existing smallholder farming systems.

Who

Fondation Fasobiocarburant (FFB) is a not-for-profit organisation that promotes the integration of Jatropha shrubs into existing farming activities in Burkina Faso. FFB replicates a model that has been successfully introduced by Fondation Malibiocarburant in Mali. It is co-financed and supervised by Malibiocarburant SA Holding (MBSA), Dutch not-for-profit development organisation ICCO and the two farmer unions FEPPASI and FGPN.

What

The foundation works with smallholder farmers typically earning less than $1 per day per capita in the Dictricts of Nayala and Sissili. In the project areas farmers mainly rely on cultivating food crops like corn, cowpea, groundnut, sorghum or millet. The project aims at improving yields of the traditional crops by up to 20% and generating an additional source of income for smallholder farmers by integrating Jatropha in the existing planting system.

The objectives of the project are to:

  1. improve rural incomes and strengthen the capacity of farmers and farmers’ organizations;
  2. diversify and intensify farming systems through sustainable Jatropha intercropping;
  3. support farmers to add value through carbon credits;
  4. improve access to rural renewable energy

Sustainability

In contrast to other – large-scale – efforts of growing and processing Jatropha in Western Africa the FFB initiative is about local production, local processing and local consumption. Its planting approach is based on extensive low-input Jatropha intercropping systems. No inputs like fertilizer, chemicals or irrigation are used. FFB does not acquire land to grow Jatropha, but it recruits field staff that empowers farmers to integrate Jatropha in their farming system. Simultaneously with the promotion of local, integrated Jatropha production the associated company Fasobiocarburant SARL (FBSARL) invests in biodiesel processing facilities. Biodiesel is produced for the local market and not for export. It is sold to the Burkinabé oil distribution sector at a competitive price thus contributing to reduced fossil fuel imports as well as reducing fuel costs for all national consumers.

Bridge Builders’ Role

Our role within the FFB project is the management of the entire emission reduction certification cycle. We follow a holistic approach that started with the carbon project design, defining and quantifying the different emission reduction components (i.e. sequestration of CO2 by the Jatropha plants and replacement of fossil fuels with biodiesel) and integrating carbon crediting at all levels of the projects’ general business plan. In the subsequent phase we are taking care of the registration of the project under the CarbonFix Standard. This phase involves the writing of the PDD and the management of the validation of the project by an independent, accredited auditor.